Argumentation-Based Online Incremental Learning

Hamed Ayoobi, Ming Cao, Rineke Verbrugge, Bart Verheij

The environment around general-purpose service robots has a dynamic nature. Accordingly, even the robot’s programmer cannot predict all the possible external failures which the robot may confront. This research proposes an online incremental learning method that can be further used to autonomously handle external failures originating from a change in the environment. Existing research typically offers special-purpose solutions. Furthermore, the current incremental online learning algorithms can not generalize well with just a few observations. In contrast, our method extracts a set of hypotheses, which can then be used for finding the best recovery behavior at each failure state. The proposed argumentationbased online incremental learning approach uses an abstract and bipolar argumentation framework to extract the most relevant hypotheses and model the defeasibility relation between them. This leads to a novel online incremental learning approach that overcomes the addressed problems and can be used in different domains including robotic applications. We have compared our proposed approach with state-of-the-art online incremental learning approaches, an approximation-based reinforcement learning method, and several online contextual bandit algorithms. The experimental results show that our approach learns more quickly with a lower number of observations and also has higher final precision than the other methods.

Note to Practitioners This work proposes an online incremental learning method that learns faster by using a lower number of failure states than other state-of-the-art approaches. The resulting technique also has higher final learning precision than other methods. Argumentation-based online incremental learning generates an explainable set of rules which can be further used for human-robot interaction. Moreover, testing the proposed method using a publicly available dataset suggests wider applicability of the proposed incremental learning method outside the robotics field wherever an online incremental learner is required. The limitation of the proposed method is that it aims for handling discrete feature values.

Manuscript (in PDF-format)

Reference:
Ayoobi, H., Cao, M., Verbrugge, R., & Verheij, B. (2021 online first). Argumentation-Based Online Incremental Learning. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASE.2021.3120837.


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