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Intelligent user interfaces

``The great thing about the title Intelligent User Interfaces is that it is ambiguous: is the book about interfaces for intelligent users, or intelligent interfaces for any users? I think the answer isn't simple.''
W. Mark in the foreword of [329].
The book Intelligent User Interfaces, published in 1991, contains many ideas, concepts, and realized systems for sophisticated UIs [329]. Although it is impossible to review all chapters within the scope of this report, a few comments have to be made. The book is of some significance for for its first two parts:

The first part, Multimodal Communication, though written by experts of the field, doesn't hold what its name promises. The term multimodality is used within a very narrow sense, mainly meaning a combination of natural speech and deictic gesture input (following the ``put-that-there'' paradigm). In our opinion, this is not enough to justify the word multimodality. The more interesting thing to notice about this part is the description of user and discourse models, which may be useful in , too.

The latter also holds true for the second part of the book, Models, Plans, and Goals. Modeling aspects of the user, providing the UI with adaptive interaction capabilities, and using intelligent agents for the user's access to the system's functions are the main topics of this part. At the moment, it seems to be clear that without any coverage of the higher levels of a UI, the ambitious goal of modeling cognitive aspects can not be reached (see section 5 ).

Esprit Project 8579/MIAMI (Schomaker et al., '95)
Thu May 18 16:00:17 MET DST 1995