Binaural psychoacoustic descriptors include binaural loudness, binaural pitch, binaural timbre and binaural sensory-consonance. Algorithms taken from binaural auditory models may be used to generate estimates of these descriptors. There is an increasing demand for such tools, e.g., in the area of sound-quality evaluation. The most tempting field of application for binaural auditory models, however, concerns the ability of binaural hearing to process signals from different sources selectively, and to enhance one of them with regard to the others. A key word for this area of application could be binaural signal enhancement.