Landmarks in Case-based Reasoning: From Theory to Data.

Wijnand van Woerkom, Davide Grossi, Henry Prakken, Bart Verheij

Widespread application of uninterpretable machine learning systems for sensitive purposes has spurred research into elucidating the decision making process of these systems. These efforts have their background in many different disciplines, one of which is the feld of AI & law. In particular, recent works have observed that machine learning training data can be interpreted as legal cases. Under this interpretation the formalism developed to study case law, called the theory of precedential constraint, can be used to analyze the way in which machine learning systems draw on training data – or should draw on them – to make decisions. These works predominantly stay on the theoretical level, hence in the present work the formalism is evaluated on a real world dataset. Through this analysis we identify a signifcant new concept which we call landmark cases, and use it to characterize the types of datasets that are more or less suitable to be described by the theory.

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van Woerkom, W., Grossi, D., Prakken, H., & Verheij, B. (2022). Landmarks in Case-based Reasoning: From Theory to Data. HHAI2022: Augmenting Human Intellect. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Hybrid Human-Articial Intelligence (eds. Schlobach, S., Pérez-Ortiz, M., & Tielman, M.), 212-224. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

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