Some references for a discussion on computer metaphor vs geometric computing in modeling the brain

Koenderink, J.J. The brain a geometry engine. 
Psychol. Res 52, 122-127 (1990). 
doi 10.1007/BF00877519

Peter Gardenfors (2004).
Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought
MIT Press, ISBN 9780262572194

Rodney A.Brooks (1990) [cited by 2257]
Elephants don't play chess 
Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Volume 6, Issues 1–2, June 1990, Pages 15

van der Zant, T., Kouw, M., Schomaker, L. (2013). 
Generative Artificial Intelligence. In: Mueller, V. (eds)
Philosophy and Theory of Artificial Intelligence. Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology 
and Rational Ethics, vol 5. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. 
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31674-6_8

Rissman J, Wagner AD. Distributed representations in memory: insights from functional brain 
imaging. Annu Rev Psychol. 2012;63:101-28. doi: 10.1146/annurev-psych-120710-100344. 
Epub 2011 Sep 13. PMID: 21943171; PMCID: PMC4533899.

L. Schomaker - From Boston to Eden - or how to get systems that are really autonomous and 
sufficiently intelligent to survive in their niche 
(recorded presentation).