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Human learning and adaptation

A good review of the different topics in human learning can be found in [192], particularly in chapter 13, where they list a number of ``laws of learning'':

[5 --]
1 -- Law of effect
An action that leads to a desirable outcome is likely to be repeated in simular circumstances.
2 -- Law of causal relationship
For an organism to learn the relationship between a specific action and an outcome, there must be an apparent causal relation between them.
3 -- Law of causal learning (for desirable outcomes)
The organism attempts to repeat those particular actions that have an apparent causal relation to the desired outcome.
4 -- Law of causal learning (for undesirable outcomes)
The organism attempts to avoid particular actions that have an apparent causal relation to the undesirable outcome.

5 -- The law of information feedback
The outcome of an event serves as an information about that event.

As regards the content of the cognitive processes and their acquisition, the fundamental work was done by Piaget [268] who distinguished four stages in the intellectual development of children:
  1. Sensorimotor development (0--2 years)
  2. Preoperational thought (2--7 years)
  3. Concrete operations (7--11 years)
  4. Formal operations (11--15 years)

Esprit Project 8579/MIAMI (Schomaker et al., '95)
Thu May 18 16:00:17 MET DST 1995