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A good review of the different topics in human learning can be found
in , particularly in chapter 13, where they list a number of
``laws of learning'':
As regards the content of the cognitive processes and their acquisition,
the fundamental work was done by Piaget  who distinguished four
stages in the intellectual development of children:
- 1 -- Law of effect
- An action that leads to a desirable outcome is
likely to be repeated in simular circumstances.
- 2 -- Law of causal relationship
- For an organism to learn the
relationship between a specific action and an outcome, there must be an
apparent causal relation between them.
- 3 -- Law of causal learning (for desirable outcomes)
- The organism
attempts to repeat those particular actions that have an apparent
causal relation to the desired outcome.
- 4 -- Law of causal learning (for undesirable outcomes)
organism attempts to avoid particular actions that have an apparent
causal relation to the undesirable outcome.
- 5 -- The law of information feedback
- The outcome of an event serves
as an information about that event.
- Sensorimotor development (0--2 years)
- Preoperational thought (2--7 years)
- Concrete operations (7--11 years)
- Formal operations (11--15 years)
Esprit Project 8579/MIAMI (Schomaker et al., '95)
Thu May 18 16:00:17 MET DST 1995